Schizophrenia Causes & Treatment:- Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disease in which the person begins to interpret reality, abnormally. This may result in illusions and extremely chaotic thinking that seriously affects the lives of both patients and their families. This mental sickness is uncommon and only 0.25-0.64% of people in America seem to bear it.
Yet, it is overwhelmingly destructive and disabling for the patient who has this disease. Usually, its symptoms become eminent in late adolescence or early adulthood and mostly around the age of 30. This disease requires proper treatment.
Causes of Schizophrenia
The exact causes of schizophrenia are still a mystery. The specialists suggest a combination of physical, genetic, psychological, and environmental factors as described below Schizophrenia Causes & Treatment:
This disease seems to run in families. Without any patient of schizophrenia in filial history, the chances of developing it are only 1% but with genetic inheritance, the chances are increased.
This effect is evident among twin siblings. In identical twins, if a twin develops schizophrenia, the other twin has a 50% chance of developing it, too. While in the case of non-identical twins, these chances are only 12.5%.
Brain’s structural abnormality and Neurotransmitters
Many people with schizophrenia have an abnormal structure of the brain though, it is not compulsory. Imbalance in the level of Neurotransmitters is a significant factor that increases the risks of Schizophrenia. Schizophrenia is more likely to grow among the patients with an increase in the level of 2 neurotransmitters called dopamine and serotonin.
The stressful environment is a significant factor behind the development of Schizophrenia. The disease is found common among people who experienced any mental stress or trauma, in past. There are many causes of mental stress like betrayal, joblessness or homelessness, divorce or separation, physical, sexual or emotional abuse.
Common causes that are found among females are trauma during childbirth, starvation before birth. Whether patients develop schizophrenia or not, such mental stress indeed has a bad impact on their lives.
Drugs don’t cause schizophrenia but, they do intensify the chances of its development. Certain drugs, particularly cannabis, cocaine, LSD, or amphetamines, may cause symptoms of schizophrenia in vulnerable people. Research has shown that teenagers or young adults who use cannabis have great chances of developing schizophrenia in the later stages of adulthood.
Signs and Symptoms of Schizophrenia
Symptoms of schizophrenia appear in form of disordered thoughts, conduct, and emotions. A few are define below:
The person starts believing in things that don’t exist in reality. For example, they feel as if they are harassing or perusing by somebody, they are very important, or they have extraordinary powers. In some cases, the patient even starts visualizing virtual personalities or things that he/she imagines.
The patient starts seeing illusions and hearing noises. He can even taste or smell things that don’t exist. Auditory hallucinations are most common as in schizophrenia patients often interpret their inner self-talk as coming from an outside source.
Disorganized thinking is reflected by disorganized speech. The person abruptly deviates from the topic of communication and often give irrelevant answers to the questions asked of them. Everything mixes up in their mind.
Extremely abnormal motor behavior
Silliness and nagging behavior become a part of the personality. Patients also lose temper very quickly and show stubbornness, and instructed to do something.
The person stays reckless of his self. He appears to lack emotion (doesn’t make eye contact, doesn’t change facial expressions, or speaks in a monotone). He doesn’t even care about his health.
Untreated schizophrenia can lead to many problems and complications. The impacts of schizophrenia are tormenting for both the patient and his family. The patient feels neglected or deceived and his brain gets occupied by negative thoughts. The associated problems include:
- Suicide, suicide attempts, and thoughts
- Anxiety disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- Mental depression
- Alcohol abuse or other drugs, including nicotine
- Inability to work or attend school
- Financial problems and homelessness
- Social isolation
- Health and medical problems
- Being victimized
- Aggressive behavior, although it’s uncommon
Patients of schizophrenia play an important role in their treatment. First, they shouldn’t believe in the myths like patients of schizophrenia cannot recover. They need to remember that it’s just a disease, not a life sentence. All they need is just proper treatment and self-help under the supervision of an experienced mental health professional. Following are the requirements for effective Schizophrenia Treatment:
- Strategic treatment includes a combination of medication, therapy, lifestyle changes, and social support.
- A gradual and long-term treatment is suitable for dealing with schizophrenia. Counseling and medication need to continue even if the patient starts to feel better to prevent new episodes and stay symptom-free. However, the doctor may change the treatment and dosage of medicine over time.
- Medicines are also included in the treatment for the reduction of hallucinations and convulsion. But in most cases, it is not used because of uncertainty in choosing medicine.
- Therapy can serve the purpose of reducing mental stress and even communication gap if it is done in a group. It can rejuvenate your life skills and help to solve relationship issues.
Self-help the person who plays the greatest role in the treatment is the patient himself. He needs to help himself by keeping a positive intent. He needs to improve his lifestyle by getting social support and involving family and friends in your treatment. Such patients need to take care of their diet and exercise.
They should stay busy and try to improve their social circle to prevent any stress to get on to their mind. This also can join the schizophrenia support club to spend time with people who have common interests.
The patient, require to take proper sleep and avoid any type of alcohol or drug. Following all these steps and making a consistent effort, one can surely get rid of schizophrenia and get back to his/her normal life.
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